A Unified Hierarchy for AI and Natural Intelligence through Auto-Programming for General Purposes

Volume 21
Issue 1
Juyang Weng
Despite the current great public interest in neural network based artificial intelligence, there exists a huge gap between artificial intelligence (AI) and natural intelligence (NI). Furthermore, there is such a lack of unified hierarchy of intelligence that intelligence is widely regarded piecemeal. This status quo results in highly brittle AI systems. This paper proposes how an autonomous agent, natural or artificial, develops a unified intelligence hierarchy in the brain.  The term “unified” means not only for AI and NI both, but also for all practical sensory modalities and motor modalities, including perception, representation, reasoning, learning, societal activities and politics. This line of work has been supported by rigorous mathematical proofs and initial experimental verifications.  However, this paper minimizes mathematical material so that the new information here can reach a wide audience. We should ask a new and general question: “How can a machine, natural or artificial, Autonomously Program For General Purposes (APFGP) from the real physical world?” We have given this question a solution, theoretically, experimentally, and mathematically. A clear but powerful learning engine—Developmental Network (DN) enables APFGP.  Hopefully, understanding APFGP for both AI and NI not only fully automates development of AI systems but also improve human development, individually and societally.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence · natural intelligence · neural networks · universal Turing machines · vision · audition · natural language understanding · robotics